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Shakespeare wrote several literary works that enumerated his perceptions on different issues. In Hamlet, he sought to express his views on the human condition. His assertions in the Hamlet depicts complexities that surround the concept of the human condition. Before undertaking the task of highlighting the complexities, it is vital to understand Shakespeare’s idea of the human condition. Shakespeare envisions the human condition as a struggle in dealing with the state of being human. Shakespeare believes that the expression of the human condition is in the way humans seek meaning, deal with loneliness, limitations of freedom, and the reality of mortality (Bloom, 2008). The way humans deal with these issues is what Shakespeare terms as the complexity of the human condition. Each person deals with these issues in a different way.

In Hamlet, Shakespeare uses both tone and theme in the character of Hamlet to develop the complexity of the human condition. Hamlet is a Prince of Denmark, and he just lost his father. He believes that his uncle killed his father, and he seeks revenge on his father’s behalf (Shakespeare, 2014). Apart from killing his father, his uncle has also wedded his mother, an action that he sees as disrespectful. There are responsibilities of the kingdom that Hamlet must attend to, and this is even though he sees the leader of the kingdom, his uncle, as an impediment to peace in Denmark (Shakespeare, 2014). Shakespeare uses the theme of revenge to underline the complexity of the human condition in the character of Prince Hamlet, where he seeks revenge on one side but also desires that the kingdom remains peaceful.

The element of mortality is an element that Shakespeare uses to depict the complexity of the human condition. In Act 1 Scene 5, the ghost of Hamlet's father visits him and urges him to revenge his unnatural death. Claudius, the person accused by the ghost of having committed this heinous crime, is Hamlet’s uncle (Bloom, 2008). He is the new King. However, Hamlet must commit to taking revenge on his father’s unnatural death as told to him by a ghost. The complexity of human condition reveals itself through the aspect of mortality and the afterlife. Hamlet, even though living, does not only have to adjust his life to the behavior of other living people, but also must consider the wishes of a dead person whose ghost demands revenge.

Laertes, Polonius son, is equally filled with rage upon notification by Claudius that Hamlet killed his father. Claudius hatches Laertes revenge on Hamlet and poisons the sword that he shall use when he fences against Hamlet who is returning to Denmark after his shipwrecked in the sea. In the fencing match, Laertes accidentally cuts himself with the poisonous sword, and subsequently manages to cut Hamlet as well (Shakespeare, 2014). In the sequence of the fencing match, Laertes reveals to Hamlet that Claudius is responsible for the queen’s death, and Hamlet strikes Claudius with the poisoned sword. All three characters die from the deadly sword. Two of the characters sought revenge for the killing of their fathers, and one character was trying to remain alive by killing the person seeking revenge on him. The end of their lives signals the complexity of the human condition and the struggles that humans go through.

In conclusion, Shakespeare expresses his ideas about the complexity of the human condition in his literary piece, Hamlet. He uses both tone and theme in developing the character of Hamlet to show the struggles that Hamlet goes through, both in his quest for revenge and in his desire to improve the situation of his kingdom. Further examples of the complexity of the human condition are in the existence of a ghost that requires of Hamlet to take revenge and the end of the story where all the characters engaged in the quest of revenge die. Through this sequence, Shakespeare manages to portray the complexities of the human condition in Hamlet successfully.