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The article by Margaret Harris Cheng explicitly revisits and analyses a wave of climatic disasters in the past that had relatively less detrimental consequences based on the virtue of prior warnings and existing information and data. The UN Economic and Social Commission provides information that ranks the Asia-Pacific region, specifically the Philippines, China, Bangladesh and Indonesia as the most sensitive regions to experience catastrophic floods and high-magnitude earthquakes. In analyzing the extreme wave of climatic attacks on the vulnerable areas, communities respond by comparing the disaster preparedness plans of their countries with other neighboring countries. The government is in charge of evaluating disaster patterns and making information available to the public in the form of warnings before the occurrence of natural disasters. A significant research question lies in the possibility of having customized national disaster preparedness systems to accommodate the ‘set-up’ of the distinct Asia-Pacific regions.
Monica et al. argue that majority of the concepts for better living and the methods from clinical and public health service can be leveraged to improve disaster preparedness and the capacity for adaptability in the long run through preventive tactics. Regular disaster preparedness messages usually support survival actions and convey plans to be implemented immediately after the disaster. The article proposes a system of reducing the readiness gap for preventive medicine and personal disaster readiness to capitalize on the short prevention time frames. The most significant research queries that arise from the article are related to the most vital needs for prevention to be addressed in an elaborate disaster preparedness plan.
Disaster preparedness refers to a set of steps that are put in place to arrange for and minimize the results of disasters. Disaster preparedness involves establishing an effective platform through which the efforts of National Societies and the external efforts from households and community members. The specific research problem that arises from the textual analysis of the two articles is the role and emphasis on self-protective actions as a preventive step in disaster management. The challenges and problems associated with self-protective actions are related and are almost similar across various disaster management events.
- What is the significance of considering diversity in understanding disaster-related responses in recovery operations and outcomes?
- What methods can be used to bridge the information gap between conventional public disaster preparedness messages and the more personalized preparedness messages?
Annotated Bibliography on Disaster Preparedness
Allen, K. M. (2006). Community‐based disaster preparedness and climate adaptation: local capacity‐building in the Philippines. Disasters, 30(1), 81-101.
Community-based disaster preparedness is mainly structured around policy provisions that place value on the knowledge and skills of the local community population. CBDP is based on a conceptual framework that empowers locals to resist livelihood practices and development plans that increase the vulnerability of disasters happening.
The analysis of CBDP methods is instrumental in Disaster Preparedness research because the technique can be applied in the context of natural disasters to mitigate susceptibility to natural disasters in places such as The Philippines. CBPD initiatives set the stage for further analysis of accidents and the potential for full mitigation of disasters through response activities.
Bras, R. L. (1993). The world at risk: Natural Hazards and climate change (No. CONF-9201138--). New York, NY (United States); AIP.
These proceedings represent a conference held by 200 engineers and scientists at the Centre of Global Science of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. The gathering discussed the impacts of global climatic changes on natural hazards and the strategies of prevention and adaptation to such risks.
They presented 38 papers, and only two focused on how the International Decade for Natural Disaster Deduction could gain from the research of potential global change and how to identify linkages between climate change and distractive natural phenomena.
Brooks, C., & Schulte, E. K. (1986). Cooperative and regional disaster preparedness. The Book and Paper Group Annual, 5, 139-145.
Regional disaster preparedness is different from cooperative disaster preparedness since all institutions of any kind are systematically involved in collective disaster preparedness. The benefits of this article include improved practicability of creating joint training sessions in rescue strategies.
The author preserves New York’s Unique Research Resources: the New York Document Conservation Advisory Council’s Report and Recommendations. Examples include 1) guidelines for disaster plan preparations by chartered institutions and by local governments holding research resources. 2) Appoint and help at least one institution in each region to issue an emergency, provide assistance to others.
Erikson, K., & Peek, L. (2011). Hurricane Katrina research bibliography. Brooklyn, NY: Social Science Research Council Task Force on Katrina and Rebuilding the Gulf Coast.
This extensive bibliography includes book chapters, journal articles, reports, and books on the human effects of Hurricane Katrina. Citations are listed under the subject areas: displaced persons; children and schools; elderly; economic effects and employment environmental effects; emergency preparedness and response; evacuation; gender; housing; media; health and health care; post-disaster recovery; research methods and race and class. Also included are particular issues of scholarly journals, books, websites and documentary films dedicated to Hurricane Katrina.
Hodgkinson, P. E., & Stewart, M. (1991). Coping with catastrophe: A handbook of disaster management. Taylor & Frances/Routledge.
This book is a guide those in the helping profession. It expounds topics such as grief and survival as they relate to disasters, including nurturance conflicts, survival guilt, physic numbness, the request for the explanation and post-traumatic stress disorder.
The book also examines the basic needs and experiences of those offering their help and the tips for availing physiological care to the victims with problems that persist. The authors also explain the practical aspects of synchronizing disaster relief, including the organization and planning of particular services such as outreach facilities and providing help after a crisis.
Kerby, D. S., Brand, M. W., Johnson, D. L., & Ghouri, F. S. (2005). Self-assessment in the measurement of public health workforce preparedness for bioterrorism or other public health disasters. Public health reports, 120(2), 186-191.
This article shows the reports on the training needs and of the staff members of a specific local public health department and whether the individuals that rated the self-identified needs merged into distinct clusters of individuals with similar needs.
This study examines suitable ways to assess public workers capability for preparedness. In this study, the ratings for workers training needs reflect on their general interest in training rather than need to train in a particular area. Caution should be applied in clarification when self-assessment and generic goals are used to measure training needs. Using objective measures of specific local plans may improve future assessment of training needs.
ODPEM: Disaster Preparedness Articles. (2014, January 16). Retrieved from http://www.odpem.org.jm/beprepared/disasterpreparednessarticles/tabid/177/default.aspx
The article by Arthur Hall underscores the inability of the government to effectively respond to the flood-prone citizens of Harbor Drive in St. Andrews despite their efforts for constructive engagement with the government and other relevant authorities.
The article builds on the role of response groups and the relationship that exists between lobby groups in the drafting of an effective disaster preparedness plan.
Paton, D. (2003). Disaster preparedness: a social-cognitive perspective. Disaster Prevention and Management: An International Journal, 12(3), 210-216.
The social-cognitive school of disaster preparedness proposes an alternative model that takes into account the primary factors that motivate individuals to be ready for disasters and prevailing through strategic approaches and evaluation in disaster management.
The article makes a substantial contribution to the subject of disaster preparedness and the discipline of disaster management. The practice of evaluating and analyzing how individuals respond to disasters is an open subject for research and the output from the variables is mea
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