Problem Overview

The invention and mass production of weapons recently has resulted to difficulties in conquering and controlling the population, which is why a good number of despots in the last one hundred and fifty years moved to limit access to guns (Kleck, 2017). In the USA before the Revolutionary War, some citizens owned guns and immediately the war erupted the colonial powers implemented firearm confiscation policies. As a result, the Second Amendment was enacted which made many acquire weapons. Therefore, many own guns, threatening the security of the States (Kleck, 2017). USA has recorded most gun than any other nation. For instance deadliest attacks has been recorded in places like the Sandy Hook Elementary School shootings incident, Pulse nightclub shooting in Orland 2016, Aurora Movie Theater in 2012, and the mass shooting at Texas church in 2017 (Mervosh, 2018). For these reasons academics, pundits, lawmakers, and other American citizens called for gun confiscation (Kleck, 2017). However, some individuals hold the idea that those who are interested in preventing mass murder should not support gun control, as the Americans ancestors did not arm them to hunt, but to protect themselves from those performing the shooting.

According to the report, the civilians own approximately, three hundred million guns. For instance, a third of American households and twenty-two percent of individuals possess arms. The sales of the firearms exploded because of the panic buying over dreads of more weapon control (Kleck, 2017).  Because of the increased incidences of shootings, for example, the Orlando shooting, Las Vegas shooting, mass shooting at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School in Parkland, there has been a growing desire for more gun control measures (Kleck, 2017). Almost sixty percent support that gun laws should be restricted, about thirty percent say that the rules should remain as it is a while, and five percent say the laws should be less restricted (Kleck, 2017). Such surveys show that the most significant population has a feeling that it is crucial for the federal state to implement stricter gun laws to save the lives of civilians from careless shootings.

 

Values and Interests

According to studies, both the economic, political, and cultural factors have greatly influenced the perception of the problem of gun control (Kleck, 2017). After Sandy Hook Elementary School shootings in the year 2012, researchers such as Haider-Markel and Joslyn analyzed data from many national polls to determine the correlation between the beliefs concerning the causes of mass shootings and gun ownership (Kleck, 2017). The survey consisted of more than two thousand respondents and shown some positive outcomes.  The researchers found that the American culture such as the use of television, internet, and watching movies frequently, was a major cause of mass shootings (Kleck, 2017). The respondents argued that civilians easily access the internet and may quickly learn how to use a firearm. For instance, when such individuals get access to guns, they might end up using the weapon to kill others. Besides, movies contribute significantly to the mass shootings in America (Kleck, 2017). The use of guns for killing characters is every day in most movies. Some individuals may take it as a deliberate act, and when they access firearms, they may end up using it to kill others (Kleck, 2017). Similarly, the televisions also contribute significantly to the shootings, as there are some programs which show how to use a gun. American culture, therefore, has a significant influence on shots. Similarly, the analysis of the information from mass shootings in churches, Mosque, Movie Theater, and nightclubs supports the above findings.

Moreover, politics play a significant role in gun ownership and mass shootings (Johnson, 2016). For instance, politicians are afraid to take on National Rifle Association (NRA), a gun lobby that mostly contributes millions of US dollars during precedential campaigns and to some extent influence the elections. The Congress is afraid to take on the Association since they are aware that if they make some suggestive statements or any declaration limiting the gun control, the NRA will use a lot of money in a campaign to downfall them (Johnson, 2016). According to the data, the National Rifle Association spends much more than what the leading pro-gun control activism group spends on lobbying on different congress (Johnson, 2016). In addition, other pro-gun associations like the Gun Owners of America spends many cash for congress to implement less strict rules on gun control. Some of the associations also funded some politicians during the campaign and therefore fighting them may not be easy (Johnson, 2016). For this reason, the political reward is concentrated on the side of fewer restrictions making it difficult to pass gun control laws. Therefore, gun ownership and mass shootings increases.

Lastly, the US weapons and bullets industry has employed many individuals (Johnson, 2016). The firm is contributing much to the economy. For example, it provides more than seven billion US dollars in federal and state taxes annually (Johnson, 2016). Employing strict rules on gun control may result from purchasing of fewer firearms, reducing the income that the company generates (Johnson, 2016). As a result, some workers may be laid off, impacting negatively into the economy. Such fears may too contribute to less strict gun control laws, increasing gun ownership and therefore, shootings.  

Scope of the Problem

According to government data and other reports on gun violence, youngsters in the USA and the rest of civilians are at threat of getting shot (Johnson, 2016). For example, young people can be shot by their follow children, their parents, strangers, and by themselves. The bullets struck the children at the park, home, or at school. A report by CNN, explains that weekly, there is an average of one school shooting countrywide (Johnson, 2016). For instance, the attack at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School in Parkland, in the State of Florida, left seventeen students and staff deceased (Mervosh, 2018). More deaths on children are on records, which is a worrying trend. Besides, the mass killing in Texas church in 2017 left around 26 people dead, nine dead in historic black church situated in South Carolina in 2015, and six people killed at Sikh temple in Wisconsin in 2012 (Mervosh, 2018). In addition, the Pulse nightclub shooting also left many injured and some dead. According to reports, USA experience more mass shootings in different places and not only in schools.

The effects of gun control are that it encourages miscreants. For instance, firm gun control applies to civilians rather than the wrongdoers who can access the firearms through dubious means. Criminals' desire to commit crime increase when they know that the citizens are indefensible and therefore, cannot retaliate whenever there is an attack (Johnson, 2016). Besides, the gun control influences crime to take place largely making it not achieve its principal objective. The driving factor of evil is the absence of measures that are put in place to ensure that criminals, who intentionally break laws stop committing such barbaric acts (Johnson, 2016). Because of undirected laws, people find it easy to commit gun violence easily (Johnson, 2016). Also, gun control encourages insecurity among citizens, as the policy discourages one from accessing a weapon. A civilian therefore becomes vulnerable to criminal attacks.

Conspiracy theory describes the causes of gun control in the USA (Bergmann, 2018). The mass shootings that were common in President Obama's error, some said was a way the government wanted to use to convince the Congress to pass the gun control legislation (Bergmann, 2018). Such individuals used to convince people that the government was coming for their gun yet even the law cannot put a total burn on arms (Bergmann, 2018). Conspiracy theories can convince a good number of people since they are developed after the occurrence of an event (Bergmann, 2018). Lastly, NTU Institute for public knowledge is a social work group that responded to the problem of gun control (Bergmann, 2018). The association triggered a debate to examine the causer of gun violence and found that the arrests of people of color were among the causes of firearm violence.

Policy Development

The main goal of the current policy about gun control to reduce gun violence and make the American communities safer. For instance, this should be the aim of most countries as the primary goal is to protect its citizens (Chapin, 2017). The current policy has gaps since undirected laws, which promote gun violence and minify background checks, support it. The Congress are the ones who can fix the rules to reduce firearm violence which the President fights for the passing of common sense weapon safety reforms which the majority of US citizens supports. Surprisingly, Congress has continuously failed in passing such laws (Chapin, 2017). Nevertheless, the Administration has announced some series of commonsense executive acts that ensures that all the firearm businesses are licensed and the background check conducted (Chapin, 2017). Therefore, the government puts on record the people with dangerous weapons preventing illegal access of the guns. The government is has directed federal prosecutors to proceed to focus on effective means of enforcing the gun laws to make the USA society free from gun violence (Chapin, 2017). As a result, the government has established an Internet Investigation Center to ease tracking of illicit online weapon trafficking (Chapin, 2017). In addition, the federal sta