Annotated Bibliography

Ashton-Chess, J. M. & Spolders, H. & Fert, V. (2011). Market access challenges in the EU for high medical value diagnostic tests. Future Medicine. 2011(82): 77 -111.

            The article focuses on the diagnostic equipment that is expensive. Investors are not getting returns for their investments. Therefore, for people with limited resources the equipment is out their reach. The equipment is only accessible to a few affluent people.

Bloom, E. D., Cafiero, E. & Jane-Llopis, E. (2012). The Global Economic Burden of Non-Communicable Diseases. Economic Literature: PGDA Working Progress.

            The main argument in the article is the responsibility policy makers have in reducing poverty and equally distributing resources. Non-Communicable Diseases are a real threat that requires the attention of the relevant stakeholders as they prevent productive people from being part of communities.

Brundisini, F., Giacomini, M., DeJean, D. & Vanstone, M. (2013). Chronic Disease Patients’ Experiences with Accessing Health Care in Rural and Remote Areas: A Systematic Review and Qualitive Meta-Synthesis. Ontario Health Technology Assessment Series. 13(15): 1- 13.

            People with chronic diseases are vulnerable and the situation is worse is they live in the rural areas. The article focuses on the challenges these vulnerable people face while living in te rural areas and the strategies that could improve their situation.

Capolongo, S., Bottero, C. M., Lettieri, E. & Buffoli, M. (2015). Healthcare Sustainability Challenge. Improving Sustainability During Hospital Design and Operation. 1- 19.

            The main focus in the article is the impacts of the energy invested in healthcare. Financial burdens are some of the impacts that have negatively affected the lives of people. Re-designing policies of significant important to the issue as it has the potential of leading to solutions.

Coovadia, H., Jewkes, R. & Barron, P. (2009). The health and health system of South Africa: historical roots of current public health challenges. The Lancet. 374(9692): 817- 834.

            The authors of the article focus on the impacts of poor leadership on the implementation of policies process. However, impacts of historical injustices have infiltrated modern world and prevented equal treatments in the medical industry. A complete overhaul of the leadership would salvage the situation.

Davies, A. A., Basten, A. & Frattini, C. (2009). Migration: A Social Determinant of Health of Migrants. International Organization for Migration: Assisting Migrants and Communities.

            The basis of the argument in the article is the challenges that immigrants face and the fact that the policy making processes should consider them. The barriers that the migrants face range from economic, social to cultural. However, the policies ought to consider them.

Faulkner, E., Annemans, L. & Helfand, M. (2012). Challenges in the Development and Reimbursement of Personalized Medicine-Payer and Manufacturer Perspectives and Implications for Health Economic and Outcomes Research. A Report of the ISPOR Personalized Medicine Special Interest Group. Journal of Value in Health. 15(8): 1162-1171.

            Economic gaps in the health perspectives of manufacturers and that of patients is due to the differences of the interest in the industry. The perspectives create a gap that requires a strategy that would marry the two attitudes and provide a unique union.

Foldes, E. M. & Covaci, A. (2011). Research on Roma health access to healthcare: State of the art and future challenges. International Journal of Public Health. 57(1):37-47.

            The article bases its conclusions from research conducted on the people of Roma as they experience poor health and unhealthy living conditions. The poor health experience of people in Roma is associated to economic and social determinants of the population.

Huseveau, D., Drummond, M., Petrou, S. & Carswell, C. (2013). Consolidates Health Economic Evaluation Reporting Standards (CHEERS) Statement. Cost Effective and Resource Allocation.

The CHEERS statement finds ways of bringing together evaluations from previously done reviews with current ones to produce a reliable guidance. The statement creates a clear picture of the issue on the ground on the matter of healthcare and this is the basis of the argument in the paper.

Idemyor, V. (2010). Diabetes in Sub-Saharan Africa: Healthcare Perspective Challenges and the Economic Burden of the Disease. Journal of the National Medical Association. 102(7): 650 – 663.

            The article focuses on the increasing rates of reported cases of diabetes in Sub-Saharan Africa. The causes are poor diets and inactivity. Unfortunately, the region is not equipped enough to handle the cases which has led to loss of lives and financial destruction of families.

Iriart, C., Franco, T. & Merhy, E. E. (2011). The creation of the health consumer: Challenges on the health sector regulation after managed care era. Globalization and Health. 7(2).

            The major issue in the article is challenges that regulatory agencies are facing in a bid to control the health sector. However, private pharmaceutical companies have transformed the industry as they have provided the relevant equipment and drug to handle the chronic illnesses.

Kim, Y. J., Farmer, P. & Porter, E. M. (2013). Redefining global health-care delivery. The Lancet. 382(9897): 1060 – 1069.

            The article suggests the use of a framework that will focus on the health-care delivery in the world. The framework focuses on the HIV/AIDs infections. Insistence is based on ensuring the available resources in form of manpower and major economies are appropriately used to ensure quality service provision.

Lopes, L. G., Souza, J. & Barrinos, C. (2013). Access to cancer medications in low-and middle-income countries. Nature Reviews Clinical Oncology. 10(2013): 314-322.

            Cancer patients in low and middle-income countries have no access to cancer treatments and do not benefit from the major breakthroughs in the treatment of the condition. The article highlights the pooling of resources strategies that has allowed patients from these countries to afford the treatments.

McKeary, M. & Newbold, B. (2010). Barriers to Care: The Challenges for Canadian Refugees and their Health Care Providers. Journal of Refugee Studies. 23(4):523 – 545.

            The medical challenges that refugees face while trying to access healthcare in the region are not covered by research. The article therefore provides insights that would increase the understanding of the challenges and play a role in finding a solution.

Notara, V., Koupidis, S. & Vaga, E. (2010). Economic crisis and challenges for the Greek healthcare system: the emergent role of nursing management. Journal of Nursing Management. 18(5): 501-514.

            The article focuses on the impacts of the economic crisis that prevented people from accessing proper healthcare. Additionally, there is a consideration of the healthcare strategies used to mitigate the issue and protect the needs of the people.

Perez-Escamilla, R. (2009). Health Care Access Among Latinos: Implications for Social and Health Care Reforms. Journal of Hispanic Higher Education. 69(184): 146 – 159.

            Research on the matter indicates that 34% of Latinos lack health covers. The issue prevents them from accessing healthcare an issue that leads to reduction in the quality of lives. The article highlights the challenges they face in a bid to acquire health services on an out-of-the-pocket basis.

Quinn, C. & Kumar, S. (2014). Health Inequalities and Infectious Diseases Epidemics: A Challenge for Global Health Security. Bio-security and Bioterrorism; Bio-defense Strategy  Practice and Science. 12(5): 0032.

            Poverty is one of the major reasons there are high number of people with lack of access to health care. The article offers solutions in the sense that consolidating financial and social reforms will increase people’s interest in seeking medical care.

Rechel, B., Mladvsky, P., Ingleby, D. & Mackenbach, P. J. (2013). Migration and health in an increasingly diverse Europe. The Lancet. 381(9872): 1073 – 1084.

            The conclusions in the article base the argument on the barriers migrants in Europe face while trying to access healthcare. The prior